On the Road to Terminal 3

How to Reach the New Terminal by Car, Taxi or Bus

Frankfurt Airport is the Rhine-Main Region’s gateway to the world: air travelers depart from here to nearly 300 destinations worldwide. Of course, an enjoyable departure includes not only a quick and easy check-in process, a pleasant ambiance and helpful employees, but also relaxed transportation to the airport. As long as Terminal 3 is under construction, it only needs to be accessed by heavy machinery and trucks. But after it opens, passengers and visitors will want to be able to get there easily and conveniently by car, bus or taxi. This makes it vital to intelligently link Terminal 3 to the existing road network.

On the new roads

Looking to the future: The extended Zeppelinheim junction ensures fluid traffic. Terminal 3 will be connected to the existing transport network via the A5 motorway. To this end, the Zeppelinheim junction will be extended. The exit will be extended by another lane for traffic coming from the north and by a new access road for traffic leaving to the north. This will prevent traffic jams caused by arriving and departing traffic, even at peak times. The street scene is also changing parallel to the A5 motorway. This is where not only the route of the new PTS runs, but also another public road is built. It is connected to the Hugo-Eckener-Ring and the Gateway Gardens via a roundabout in the north. The internally used Ellis Road continues past the Luftbrückendenkmal and will only be slightly moved inwards in the course of the road development. A parking guidance system will also be set up to ensure a smooth journey, providing orientation for arrivals and showing them the shortest route to the nearest free parking space.

The animated graphic shows how traffic will flow via the roads to and from Terminal 3 in the future.

And there are plenty of them at Terminal 3: thanks to a new multi-storey car park, 8,500 parking spaces will be available from 2023. This also includes special parking spaces for electric vehicles. As the multi-storey car park is being built directly opposite the new main building, the distance from the parking space to the check-in area is short. A new bus station with 27 stops will provide a seamless connection to the region; in addition, taxis will be able to park around 45 cars directly on the terminal access road. Particularly exciting for visitors: The new and modern multi-storey car park in the immediate vicinity of Terminal 3 also offers charging facilities for electric vehicles among the 8,500 parking spaces. Source: Obermeyer Planen + Beraten GmbH the terminal will be connected to national cycle paths. Close to Terminal 3, 100 bicycle parking spaces will be created below the PTS station. 30 of these will be equipped with charging stations for e-bikes.

Those who reach Terminal 3 by car and get off at the right-of-way table will be able to board without stairs or lifts, as the right-of-way area of the terminal is on the same level as the gates of piers H and J. An access ramp and a departure ramp are therefore required for the road connection of the right-of-way table on the departure level with a bridge area of approx. 15,300 square meters. In future, the 256 meters long access ramp will lead to the check-in area of Terminal 3. The departing traffic, in turn, will be led via the 11 meters high and 136 meters long departure ramp to the roads below.

 

The transformer impresses with a length of about eight meters, almost six meters in height and more than four meters of width. Infrastructure, Second Take: The Tension Rises Aside from the transport infrastructure, the new Terminal 3 also requires an extended power supply. With two independent electricity grid operators, 60 emergency generators and 30 employees, Frankfurt Airport is well-prepared at the moment. To also cover the needs of CargoCity South and Terminal 3 in the future, the capacity of the power grid will be expanded considerably. A glimpse into the expansion: In June 2018, this transformer was delivered to Frankfurt Airport. Its impressive weight of 78 tonnes called for the help of a heavy-duty crane and specially constructed tracks. The colossus would be able to provide a city of 30,000 inhabitants with their needed amount of power. At Frankfurt Airport, the transformer lowers the electricity from 110 kV in high voltage to a medium voltage of 10 kV via the transformer station Airport North. From 2019 on, the plant will provide sufficient power for the Terminal 3 construction site and thus support the smooth progressing of the construction work.

Hitting the Road

The Road Network Is Growing

To optimally prepare the roads in the south of Frankfurt Airport for the new terminal, the existing road network will be gradually renewed and expanded: A total of 10,000 meters of road will be added.

Gregor König, Head of Foundation and Construction Engineering, explains the extensive construction measures for the road connection in the video. In future, new roads will lead from the extended Zeppelinheim junction to Gate 1a and Gate 32. Gate 32, the entrance to CargoCity South, was completed in 2014 as the first road connection construction project, even before the first spade for Terminal 3 touched the ground on 5 October 2015. There was a need for a new gate to CargoCity South as the old gate was located on the Terminal 3 site. Fraport used the relocation of gate 32 to increase efficiency and make the new access road to CargoCity South fit for the future.

The interactive graphic shows the road links for Terminal 3 taking shape over time. Move the pointer to see how the construction site changes up until completion in 2023.

60 Tonnes of Steel  a Job for Powerful Cranes

This new access gate for CargoCity South was inaugurated in 2014. After the completion of the new Gate 32, the next important sub-projects for the road connection began in June 2016: the access and exit ramps. In future, travellers and visitors will be able to reach the departure level of Terminal 3 directly via these ramps.

As a first step in ramp construction, stable foundations will be erected as part of the foundation work. To this end, 120 bored piles will be sunk into the ground. The individual bored piles have a diameter of 1.20 meters and an impressive length of up to 18 meters. They transfer the loads from the ramp to the ground via the supporting piers. For the construction of the piers standing on the foundation, steel cages weighing up to 4.5 tons and 9 meters long, so-called reinforcement cages, are pre-braided and welded and lifted onto the individual foundations of the ramps with a truck-mounted crane. After the reinforcement cages have been surrounded with a column formwork, concrete can be filled in. Once it has dried, the supporting columns form the basis for the work on the superstructure with the actual road as load-bearing elements.

The access ramp is built on nine foundations and the exit ramp on six. Each rebar cage for the supporting columns is nine meters long and weighs 4.5 tonnes The ramps will let passengers easily get to and leave the departure level of Terminal 3 by car, taxi or bus. In a final step, the top of the exit ramp was paved and the rails were installed. The exit ramp was finalized in the first quarter of 2018. The exit ramp was completed at the end of the first quarter of 2018. The first bridge of the future access road to Terminal 3 near the InterCity Hotel, just before completion. Truck-mounted cranes are the only way to lift the sections onto the ramp’s supporting structure. The sections are precisely lowered into place and then welded together. After successfully mounting the steel parts, about 900 cubic meters of concrete were poured in for the arrival ramp. Thanks to the 256 meter long arrival ramp, passengers will be able to easily get to Terminal 3 via car, taxi or bus. The arrivals ramp will be completed in mid-2019. The first load-bearing piles are already anchored for the platform. (May 2019)

The arrival ramp is a composite steel-and-concrete construction: a trough consisting of massive steel elements holds and is connected to a reinforced concrete deck for added stability. This is essential for ensuring the required structural strength of the overall bridge with its complex geometry. The access road, a service road and the new people mover line run beneath the ramp.

Each of the steel sections for the trough of the arrival ramp is 29 meters long and four meters wide and weighs up to 42 tonnes: as much as seven full-grown elephants. Before they were delivered in December 2017, a supporting structure was installed on the foundations. Then the sections were precisely lifted into place on the structure. This called for heavy equipment. Sparks flew as the sections were jockeyed into position. They were then welded together at high temperatures of several thousand degrees Celsius. Steel modules weighing up to 60 tonnes are supplied for the arrival ramp. Truck-mounted cranes are the only way to lift the sections.

Additional modules will be delivered until the spring of 2018, with some of them weighing even more (up to 60 tonnes). As soon as the steel trough with a total length of 140 meters is finished, concreting will begin.

Approximately 900 cubic meters of concrete for the access ramp and 1,700 cubic meters of concrete for the exit ramp are then poured in one step. To give the concrete a higher load-bearing capacity, tendons are prestressed. These consist of "ropes" called strands made of individual wires. The falsework can now be dismantled.

The first load-bearing piles are already anchored for the platform. (May 2019) A total of 28 transversely aligned reinforcing steel frames on v-shaped supports will carry the access table in future. While the building construction is taking shape in the background, the construction work on the right-of-way table is also progressing steadily. In the final step, the road is asphalted and the railings and crash barriers are installed. The next construction project will be to connect the two ramps with each other by the 550 meters long platform; for this purpose, the load-bearing piles will first be anchored in the ground in mid-2019. At 14 meters of height and 15,300 sq.m in total, cars and taxis will be able to arrive directly in front of the check-in hall. At the same time, construction work on the roads leading to the new Gate 32 is progressing: the first road sections will be completed here in 2019.