Building the Future
And it isn’t only the city that is in flux; its “gate to the world” – the airport – has also reinvented itself multiple times over the decades. And it is now happening again, since the construction of the new Terminal 3 began in the south of Frankfurt Airport in the fall of 2015. The plans for it were actually forged quite a bit further back in time, though. Fraport, the company that operates the airport, initiated talks with the city of Frankfurt about a possible expansion in the late 1990s. And just in time, as is now clear: Further growth potential is limited with the existing Terminal 1, inaugurated in 1972, and Terminal 2, which began operating in 1994 - almost 70 million passengers already traveled through Frankfurt Airport in 2018.
The solution? The new Terminal 3 which is planned to be built in a modular manner. When fully constructed, up to 25 million people will be able to fly to and from Terminal 3. The three construction phases of the terminal allow for flexible construction – depending on capacity requirements. In the first construction phase, the main building with arrival and departure levels, the marketplace, lounges and a baggage handling system as well as Piers H and J will be built by 2023. In order to relieve the load on Terminals 1 and 2 earlier, the second construction phase, consisting of Pier G, will be completed ahead of schedule. This is expected to offer extra capacities for four to five million passengers as early as 2021.
A Pleasant Place to Spend Time While in Transit
“Today, airports have become destinations in themselves. And most of them receive more visitors than many downtown areas. This makes it even more essential for airports to perform many of the same functions as cities. Which is exactly what we are going to accomplish with Terminal 3.” (Christoph Mäckler, architect of Terminal 3)
Modern but with a feel-good ambiance: it was with this promise that Frankfurt architect Christoph Mäckler convinced the jury and won the contest held to choose who would design the new Terminal 3. In his architectural vision, piers, gates and lounges are reminiscent of a city’s streets and squares.
His idea is to go beyond merely building a transit zone and create an urban environment in which people enjoy working, shopping, eating, relaxing and, of course, boarding planes to distant destinations. Light-flooded spaces in warm natural hues evoke a pleasant atmosphere that invites travelers to settle in and stay a while. “This will clearly set Frankfurt Airport apart from other international airports,” says Mäckler. “It will be the world’s first terminal in which people can truly feel good.”
In other words, not only passengers: airport employees will also enjoy pleasant working conditions. Among other things, there will be as little artificial lighting as possible. Instead, floor-to-ceiling glass panes will admit natural daylight into voluminous halls, rooms and other areas. Cables and pipes will blend smoothly into the architecture to avoid disrupting its esthetics and expansiveness. This attention to detail will doubtless also please visitors and shoppers. The marketplace in the middle of the new terminal will occupy around 3,000 square meters and be filled with boutiques and shops, as well as food outlets serving a wide range of cuisine
During the second stage of the contest, twenty candidates entered with very detailed designs, including the winner of the first round, Foster and Partners. In the end, Christoph Mäckler, an architect from Frankfurt, won the competition in 2005. By realizing Terminal 3, he is following in the footsteps of his father Hermann who was involved in building Terminal 1 back in 1951. Christoph Mäckler convinced the jury by perfectly combining aesthetic aspects with functionality.
© Foster & Partners
A Smart Terminal for Less Stress
Today’s airports are complex transportation nodes that are integrated into a global network and used by millions of people. It is therefore essential to create a terminal building that accommodates and adapts to the needs of those who enter it. Unexpected delays, for example, may make it necessary for travelers to spend more time here than planned. Terminal 3 is also designed to make it as easy and straightforward as possible for passengers to get to their flights.
A special challenge is posed by the relatively large distance from Terminal 3 to the other terminals and the regional and long-distance train stations in the north of the airport. They are located a couple of kilometers apart as the crow flies and separated by two runways, which makes the actual distance even greater. To nevertheless ensure that travelers can get to and from Terminal 3 as conveniently and fast as possible, a new people mover system similar to the existing Sky Line train is being built. It will link the new terminal in the south of the airport with the two existing terminals and other transportation facilities in the north. The ride between Terminals 1 and 3 will take about eight minutes with a brief stop at Terminal 2. Its dual tracks will be nearly six kilometers long, running partly at ground level and partly raised, supported by columns. The system will have capacity to carry more than 4,000 travelers an hour between the airport’s three terminals. An extended motorway interchange will also let those arriving by car conveniently drive straight to Terminal 3.
Step by step
What has been planned step by step over the years is slowly taking on more and more concrete forms. With the completion of Pier G in 2021, the first intermediate finish line is approaching. In 2023, according to current plans, the new Terminal 3 in the south of Frankfurt Airport offers capacity for 21 million travelers.
Have a look around!
Discover Terminal 3 via Virtual Reality! Enjoy a 360-degree view of the new terminal at Frankfurt Airport on your computer or your smartphone. By combining your smartphone with VR cardboard glasses you’ll have an even more realistic three-dimensional experience. Give it a try!